RESEARCH School of Political and Social Science : University of Phayao

The Formation of John Rawls’s Theory of Justice

This research aimed to explore the context and the political theory which influenced the formation of John Rawls's theory of justice. Documentary research was carried out as the methodology. The findings revealed that Rawls presented his theory based on the context of Post-World War II. This theory has been a hypothetical situation which created a person to have a reason and freedom to choose the principle of justice in their society. His theory was influenced by the Social Contract, Social liberalism and Utilitarianism. Simultaneously, Rawls’s proposal purposively aimed to be an alternative to the vital concept of Utilitarian.